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What is Proctitis?

Proctitis is inflammation of the lining of the rectum, or the lower end of the large intestine which leads to the anus. This condition is most common in individuals with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), though it can also be caused by sexually transmitted infections (STIs) or radiation therapy for cancer.

Symptoms of proctitis may include:

  • A continuous feeling of needing to have a bowel movement.
  • Rectal pain.
  • Rectal bleeding.
  • Pain on the left side of the abdomen.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Painful bowel movements.
  • Passing mucus through the rectum.

How is Proctitis Diagnosed?

If you are experiencing any of the symptoms of proctitis or your provider suspects that you may have this condition, he or she will have you undergo some testing for diagnosis. This testing may include blood tests, stools tests, a flexible sigmoidoscopy, a colonoscopy or testing for STIs.

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The front staff was immediately attentive as soon as I walked in. The nurses and PAs were professional and very nice, and the doctors were even better. The procedure went smoothly and could not have gone better. Of course, having positive lab results makes it easier to post a glowing report but I got the impression that if I had been diagnosed differently, they would have taken care of me with the same kindness and dedication.

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These people were all extremely professional and kind. The bedside manner from all staff was great and they were thorough with all information. Medical stuff is hard to deal with, but with people like this, the discomfort was eased. I highly recommend this office to anyone needing this type of help.

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Proctitis Treatment Options

The treatment that is right for treating proctitis will depend on the underlying cause of inflammation.

Proctitis from Infection

In cases where proctitis is caused by an infection, treatment options may include antibiotics or antivirals.

Proctitis from IBD

The main goal of treatment for proctitis caused by IBD is to reduce the inflammation in the rectum. This can be achieved through anti-inflammatory medication or surgery to remove the damaged part of the digestive tract.

Proctitis from Radiation Therapy

If you are experiencing proctitis due to radiation therapy, your provider may recommend medications to help control inflammation and reduce bleeding, stool softeners or ablation treatment to destroy abnormal, bleeding tissue.

Overall Diet and Nutrition

Patients with proctitis should avoid caffeine and greasy foods to lessen diarrhea symptoms. Eating soft, bland foods such as plain rice, boiled potatoes, baked chicken and bananas can also help to control loose stool.

Your South Denver GI Team

At South Denver GI, our team of physicians and advanced practice providers have the expertise to provide you with outstanding care. If you would like to learn more about Proctitis or need to schedule an appointment at our office, contact us today!

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